Dr Danae Azaria

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law, University College London

Email address: d.azaria (at) ucl.ac.uk


Danae Azaria joined the Faculty of Laws as a Lecturer in 2013. Since 2017, she is a Senior Lecture at UCL Laws. Her monograph, Treaties on Transit of Energy via Pipelines and Countermeasures (Oxford University Press, Oxford Monographs of International Law, 2015), was awarded (ex aequo) the 2016 Paul Guggenheim Prize in Public International Law.

A panel inspired by her monograph was included in the 110th Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law (ASIL) (2016) and was moderated by the author.

From September to December 2016, Danae was a Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law at the University of Cambridge. In 2016 and 2017, she was an expert of the UK delegation in the Sixth Committee of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly (GA) in relation to the work of the International Law Commission (‘ILC’). From May to July 2016, she was a Visiting Fellow at the University of Geneva, where she undertook research in relation to the work of the ILC. In 2013, she worked at the UN Office in Geneva (ILC), as legal assistant to the Special Rapporteur of the ILC, Georg Nolte (2013), and was a visiting scholar at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg on a scholarship from the Max Planck Society (2013). Previously, she has worked as a researcher at the Energy Charter Secretariat in Brussels (2009), and the British Institute of International and Comparative Law (2006).

Danae holds a PhD and LLM from UCL, a LLM from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, and completed her undergraduate studies in law at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. She has received scholarships from the Hellenic State Scholarship Foundation and the Academy of Athens (the latter for her PhD studies).  Danae is an advocate of the Athens Bar Association.

She collaborates as an academic advisor with law firms and industry, as well as numerous governmental departments and international organisations. Indicatively, since 2014, she has been a member of the Legal Advisory Task Force of the Energy Charter Secretariat. Since 2012, she has been a UK representative at the Management Committee of the Network of experts on the legal aspects of Maritime Safety and Security (MARSAFNET – COST Action IS1105) funded by the European Union, and a member of the Working Group on New Developments in Economic Activities at Sea.

Research Interests:

Danae is a public international lawyer, with particular interest in the law of treaties, state responsibility, international dispute settlement, and international economic law. 


Azaria, D. (2018). Secret Treaties in International Law and the Faith of States in Decentralized EnforcementAJIL Unbound

Azaria, D. (2015). Exception of Non-Performance. In R. Wolfrum (Ed.), Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Oxford University Press.

Azaria, D. (2015). Treaties on Transit of Energy via Pipelines and CountermeasuresOxford Monographs in International Law. Oxford University Press.

Azaria, D. (2015). Written Evidence: Response to House of Lords Select Committee on Extradition Law. House of Lords.

Azaria, D. (2017). Energy on the Move: Treaties on Transit of Energy via PipelinesASIL Proceedings, 110, 131-139

Azaria, D. (2017). State Responsibility and Community Interest in International Energy Law: A European PerspectiveCambridge Journal of International and Comparative Law

Azaria, D. (2017). The European Union’s contribution to the law on standing and jurisdiction in international dispute settlement. In M. Cremona, A. Thiess, R. Wessel (Eds.), The European Union and International Dispute Settlement (pp. 55-81). Hart Publishing.

Azaria, D. (2017). Whaling in International Law (M. Fitzmaurice, CUP)British Yearbook of International Law.

Azaria, D. (2016). The Scope and Content of Sovereign Rights in relation to Non-Living Resources in the Continental Shelf and the Exclusive Economic ZoneThe Journal of Territorial and Maritime Studies.

Azaria, D. (2013). R (on the application of Khan) v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, ILDC 1965 (UK 2012) [Digital scholarly resource].

Azaria, D. (2013). Treaties on Transit of Energy via Pipelines and Countermeasures (Doctoral dissertation). UCL (University College London).

Azaria, D., Nollkaemper, A., & Reinisch, A. (2012). British Arab Commercial Bank plc v Transitional Council of the State of Libya [Digital scholarly resource].

Azaria, D. (2009). Energy Transit under the Energy Charter Treaty and the General Agreement for Tariffs and TradeJournal of Energy and Natural Resources Law, 27 (4), 557-593.

Azaria, D. (2007). Minimum standards of protection to individuals involved in transnational proceedingsExtradition – European Standards. Strasbourg, France: Council of Europe.

Azaria, D. (2005). Code of minimum standards of protection to individuals involved in transnational proceedings: report. Strasbourg, France: Council of Europe. 

Institutional page: https://www.ucl.ac.uk/laws/people/dr-danai-azaria

LinkedIn page: https://www.linkedin.com/in/danae-azaria-7b0a7956/